Scientific Support for the European Jewish Diaspora Narrative

FeaturedScientific Support for the European Jewish Diaspora Narrative

The traditional history of the Jewish people over the past 2,000 years goes as follows:

After the suppression of the Bar Kohba revolt in 135 AD/CE, the Roman Emperor Hadrian renamed the province of Judea as Syria Palaestina, the city of Jerusalem as Aelia Capitolina, and the Jews were dispersed from their home throughout the Roman Empire and the Middle East.

Recently, a new politically motivated revision has emerged of the history of the Jewish people, in hopes of replacing the traditional history. In the newer narrative, the Jews of Europe (Ashkenazy) do not come from the Holy Land, but are European or Asian converts to Judaism. This narrative is used to support the argument that the Israel has no right to exist, since the inhabitants are not natives returning home, but foreign interlopers with no legitimate claim.

Because of their high rate of single-gene (Mendalian) disorders, Ashkenazy Jews are one of the most genetically studied ethnic groups in the world. A new study published in PLOS Genetics by James Xue, Todd Lencz, Ariel Darvasi, Itsik Pe’er, and Shai Carmi titled “The time and place of European admixture in Ashkenazi Jewish history” helps shed some light on the history of the origins of the Jewish people in Europe and further erode the revisionist historical claim that Jews do not have an origin in the Middle East.

     

    There are rarely silver bullets in genetic studies. Rather, these studies form a tapestry that attempts to tell a story. Like many genetic studies, this one is built on previous studies of the origins of Askenazy Jews. What this study attempts to accomplish is take data from previous studies that show Ashkenazy Jews are made up of a combination or Admixture of both Middle Easterns and Europeans, and determine from that the how, what, where, and when this ad mixture occurred.

    The conclusion of the study can be best summarized to the layman using the following chart (Fig 7. A proposed model for the recent AJ history). We will use this chart as a basis for explaining how this study supports the traditional history of the Jewish people after the diaspora.

    Time_And_Place_EuropeanAdmixture_Ashkenazi_Jewish_History_Generations

    The first thing to note is that the scientist were able to disqualify more recent revisionist theories of Ashkenazy Jews coming from a “Khazar” or Asia origin.

    “The first is that AJ genetics defies simple demographic theories. Hypotheses such as a wholly Khazar, Turkish, or Middle-Eastern origin have been disqualified.”

    We know that the origins of Ashkenazy Jews is both mysterious and complex. Those Jews come from an admixture or several people and not of a singular origin – be it Middle Eastern, Turkic, Asian, or European. This is in line with what you would expect from a population that has been dispersed from their place of origin and forced to live among others. A certain amount of co-mingling is to be expected.

    What the geneticists who conducted the study were able to determine is that the origins of Ashkenazy Jews was 40 – 65 percent from the Middle East and the remaining 35 – 60 from Southern Europe. Southern Europe refers to modern day Italy and Greece. This is congruent with the traditional story of the diaspora. Jews, having been forced to leave their home in Judea, would naturally travel over land to areas in the Roman empire that offered the most opportunity at the time – Rome itself and the highly developed Greek cities. Approximately 25 to 50 generations ago, the Jews who migrated from the Middle East intermix and procreate with the non-Jews from Southern Europe. In other words, Jews were evicted from their homeland in Judea, they made the arduous journey to Greece and Rome, and lived insular/separate lives until at some point the immigrant Jews began to marry the locals. These are the original Ashkenazy Jews.

    In order to dig a little deeper, we must ask the question, “What is a generation?” The scientists note that Jews first begin appearing in the Rhineland (Germany) in the 10th century (900s) and in Poland in the 13th century. They note that the original  “Admixture in Southern Europe possibly occurred in Italy” sometime before that. After this admixture, the Ashkenazy population them bottlenecked to a small number of Jews, and then began to grow, migrate north, and then another smaller admixture occurring with Northern/Eastern Europeans approximately 10 generations ago.

    So now we begin to get a clearer picture, as noted in Figure 7. This is certainly not the only interpretation of this study, but it is a clear one supported by the story of the Jewish people told over thousands of year. Through the study we can deduce:

    The Jewish people left the Middle East (Judea) sometime during the first millennium AD and made their way to modern day Greece and Italy, where they lived separate from other communities (not hard to imagine seeing as how modern day observant Jews live separate from other communities). Then at some point after hundreds of years, they began to marry the local, non-Jewish population. This formed the origin of the Ashkenazy Jews. This group of Jews genetically bottlenecked until they started to expand. Eventually, these Jews spread north and some of them began to marry EasternEuropeans (15-25%).

    And there we have the origin of the Jews in Europe, who can trace 40 – 65% of their genetic makeup to the Middle East in spite of being forced to live in the diaspora for 2,000 years. After such a long history of coexistence and intermarriage, one would expect that the percentage of Middle Eastern genetics would be much smaller. This is a testament for the desire of the Jewish people to survive as Jews and to one day return to their homeland.

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    King David and The Red-Headed Canard

    King David and The Red-Headed Canard

    Anti-Semites will use any and every angle they can to discredit Israel and the rights of Jews to live there. One of the most common canards advanced by the anti-Semites is the claim that European Jews are not real Jews, that they are not descendants of the ancient Israelites, and do not come from the Levant region where Israel is located. You will hear such terms as “Khazars,” “Ashkenazim,” and “Slavs.” In spite of scientific and genetic evidence that all Jews – Ashkenazi or Sephardi – can trace their ancestry to the Levant (see https://www.familytreedna.com/PDF/Genetics-of-Ashkenazi-Jewish-origins.pdf) the accusation persists.

    In order to advance the lie that the modern  Jew is not related to the ancient Israelites or the “real Jews,” the anti-Semites will often present red-headed Jews as proof, often in a very derogatory way, as shown here:

    red_admoni

    Can this be the truth? Does the fact that there are some red-headed Jews mean that the modern day Jews are impostors? That they have no connection to the ancient Israelites or the land of Israel? Of course not. It’s just another antisemitic canard advanced by Jew haters to try and convince others that the Jews are not what they think. That they are an evil, sub-human group. Let’s look at this from several angles to dispel this vicious antisemitic lie.

    What is Red Hair?

    Red hair occurs in up to 2% of world population and most frequently in Northern and Western Europe whose prevalence of red hair rises up to 6%. It is a recessive gene and a genetic mutation. If the anti-Semites used red hair to identify Jews as European, it would dispel another anti-Semitic canard that all Jews come from the Eastern Khazars which are not known for red hair and do not come from the region where red hair is most prevalent, such as the Scandinavian areas. But anti-Semites are not in the business of disproving lies about Jews, they are in the business of starting and advancing them, so they have no problems advancing both lies often at the same time.

    Getting back to the issue of red hair, people all around the world contain the gene mutation that results in red hair, from China to Papua New Guinea to the Berbers of North Africa to, yes even, the Middle East.

    Here is a Melanesian red-headed woman from Papua New Guinea with the red hair gene mutation.

    And who can forget the Iraqi military commander and Saddam Hussein adviser Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri with his bright read hair, thick red mustache, and fair complexion.

    Image result for izzat ibrahim al douri

    Yes, there are even red-headed Palestinians, as evidenced by this man with a large bushy red beard gathered outside the house of a 17 year old terrorist in the Palestinian Territories after the terrorist broke into the bedroom of a 12 year old Jewish girl and stabbed her to death in her sleep.

    House.PNG

    Even looking at a map showing the genetic haplogroup that determines red hair R1b shows the Levant clearly included.

    What about the Jews?

    A 1903 study in New York City of 2300 Jews found that the vast majority had dark hair and only 3% had red hair. I would assume that is within a standard deviation of the global prevalence of red hair. If you just look at men’s beards, over 10% of Jewish men have red beards. Well doesn’t 3% seem a little high or 10% for beards? Not really when you considered that Jews were forcibly evicted from their homes and scattered to places in the known world including the rest of the middle east and yes, Europe. One thing that anti-Semites require of all Jews is to show pure racial homogeneity to prove they are Jews and entitled to return to their ancestral home. An impossible requirement. The truth is like all people in the world past and present, Jews in Europe at times married the local population and integrated them into the community or the “tribe.” So yes, there are European genes among  Jews, just as there are in South American among the native populations from the invasion of the conquistadors or in all parts of the world controlled by the British Empire. But in the end, remember that science proves that all Jews share a common middle eastern ancestry regardless were they were exiled to or the proportionally few number of interracial/interfaith marriages that occurred.

    The Ancient Israelites, King David, and Red Hair

    That still does not give us insight into the ancient inhabitants of the land of Israel and the modern Jews connection or disassociation from them based on red hair. Does it? Our knowledge of ancient Israel and Israelites comes from the Bible. Let’s analyze the Bible not as a work of theology, but as a historical collections of tales told by ancient people who relate their experiences in their writing.

    The Jewish Bible, or what the Christians call the Old Testament, does not often give physically descriptions of biblical figures unless they are distinctive or germane to the tale. For example Queen Esther is described for her abounding beauty, which is important to her story and why the Persian king chose her.

    In the book of Samuel I, Samuel is instructed by G-d to find the next king of Israel. He is sent to a man named Jesse to meet his sons as possible candidates. He meets the seven oldest sons and they are quickly dismissed. They are not given any kind of distinctive physical description, nor is Jesse the father or their family as a whole. But when Samuel meets David the Shepard, the youngest son and the man who would be the most famous king in Israel’s history, he is very specifically described.

    samuel16_12

    The word they use to translate as ruddy is admoni.

    admoni_samuel_16

    Admoni comes from the root word in Hebrew of Adom or Red

    adom

    Modern Hebrew uses the transliteration of the English word “ginger” – gingi – instead of admoni to demote a person with red hair because the definition of admoni is debated. However, modern Hebrew does use admoni to for red haired animals, such as:

    • Pandor Admoni – Red Panda
    • Ze’ev Admoni – Red Wolf

    Biblical scholars and historians are split on whether the description of David as adomi refers to his hair, his face (rosy cheeks), or both. But red hair is just as if not more likely than red faced. If you look at David’s description as a whole you can imagine the young David, with his red hair/cheeks, fair/beautiful eyes, and attractive appearance,  looked something like this:

    Image result for prince harry

    Often people who are described as having a ruddy face also have a fair complexion and/or red hair to match.

    We know that the writer(s) of the bible meant to describe David physically as admoni (red) and not an allusion to his personality. The biblical authors were very careful to not assign similar personality traits to both heroes and anti-heroes of the bible. The only other individual who is described with the word admoni in the bible is Essau, who is painted in very negative light. It is extremely unlikely that they would have used the same personality trait for one of the least likable and one of the most likable figures in the entire bible. It is more likely that admoni referred to both of them sharing the recessive red-headed gene.

    So biblical exegesis shows us that King David is the only brother described with red hair and also one of only two individuals in the entire bible with red hair.

    In other words, there were people with red hair among the ancient Israelites, but they were few in number. Doesn’t that sound a bit like modern Jews?

    David was one of eight brothers with red hair – or 12% – statistically similar to the number of modern Jewish men with red beards. Surely if one of the most famous ancient Israelites can possess red hair so can modern day Jews, don’t you think?

    The truth is the entire argument put forward by the anti-Semites is an exercise in futility. Any person anywhere can have red hair. Hair color is irrelavant. It is just an attempt on their part to advance a false narrative that results in the destruction of the Jewish nation state and the elimination of the Jews. Hopefully you will see that whether it is red hair or Khazars or David Icke’s theory that Jews are a race of reptilian extra-terrestrials, the affect is the same, to demonize and dehumanize the Jewish people.

    More images of red headed Arabs and Mid East people

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    Facts and figures for this blog post were gathered from:

    Ginger Jews

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_hair

    http://www.eupedia.com/forum/threads/29019-Origin-and-ancient-history-of-red-hair

    http://www.chabad.org/library/bible_cdo/aid/15845/jewish/Chapter-16.htm